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Grade Two | YMOH Curriculum

General Overview:

Targheeb's Young Momins Online Homeschool (YMOH) program is designed to provide thorough and appropriate instructions to all kindergarten through first and sixth grade students. Using the best of both the British National Curriculum and American Common Core Standards, YMOH curriculum is a robust standards–based curriculum designed to align with the most current international and national learning standards. It is uniquely adopted to meet the core Islamic values. All core subjects are aligned to the national learning standards, thereby benefiting YMOH students in a great way.

As well as English Language Arts and Mathematics, the curriculum gives Islamic Studies, Arabic Studies and Quran, equal status and are all considered compulsory subjects to achieve total success in society. Subjects such as Science, Social Studies, and English Language Arts have also been introduced as cross curricular subjects to develop essential knowledge, skills and practices.

The program equips students with skills, knowledge, abilities, and understanding they are expected to acquire to prepare them to be life–long learners and responsible, well–equipped global Muslim citizens who are ready for the challenges and opportunities ahead. It critically reviews student performance through a number of assessment tools including weekly homework assignments, monthly tests, projects, and assessments through other recognized online homeschool service providers.

English Language Arts

The goal of YMOH literacy program is to incorporate our inquiry–based philosophy to create independent, critical, and ardent life–long readers and writers. To achieve this, the program is based on a balanced–literacy approach in which writing, reading, speaking, and listening enables students to develop needed skills and understandings that will serve them in all academic areas.

Grade Two students will learn a repertoire of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, appreciate, and respond to a comprehensive range of texts. While they are expected to listen and speak English fluently, second grade students will apply a couple of strategies to expand their knowledge of words and meanings to increase vocabulary and demonstrate thinking skills.

Second grade English Language Art is designed to teach students the use of oral and written language that follows the accepted conventions of the English language for self–expression and description of artistic creations as speakers and writers of the language. Our commitments to extended periods of time for reading and writing instruction allow them to learn comprehension and/or critical literacy and will become familiar with words and concepts in a text to construct appropriate meanings.

Areas of study include:

Phonics: The ability to think about individual words as sequences of sounds is vital to children’s understanding of the alphabetic principle. They will demonstrate the ability to hear, identify, and manipulate words, consonants, endings, vowels, syllables, onsets, rhymes and individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken words and will develop and expand the knowledge of words and phonics with meanings to increase vocabulary.

Also they will learn that sentences are made up of separate words composed of syllables, and made up of sounds that can be separated from each other and manipulated in other ways. Finally, this section will also teach them that sounds separated (or segmented) from words can be put back together again to form words.

Spelling: This is an expansion of the basic spelling skills from Grade One to include alternate spellings for basic sounds, simple prefixes, suffixes and the addition of words with two or more syllables, along with words having short and long vowel sounds, r-controlled vowels and consonant vowel patterns. Second grade students will be able to recognize spelling patterns while spelling high–frequency words correctly.

Vocabulary: Students will expand their vocabulary arsenal based on the first grade vocabulary through reading and listening to a range of texts and literature. They will be able to well construe and independently explain common antonyms, synonyms, homonyms, homophones and compound words.

Language Arts: Students will further explore a new range of texts appropriate to their level and improve their familiarity with writing and grammar where knowing the parts of speech, using them correctly, and understanding how they relate to one another is an important early step in creating strong writing skills.

Grammar and Mechanics: This will cover the eight parts of speech; sentence structures such as complete sentences, subject and predicate, inflectional endings; antonyms; homophones, synonyms; conjunctions; compound words; base words, suffixes and prefixes; contractions; apostrophes, subject and predicate; capitalization and punctuation, and others appropriate to their level.

Reading: We understand the varied reading needs for students to help hone their spoken and reading skills. We have therefore created diverse reading programs designed to inspire a love of reading. From integrated instruction, targeted intervention, to concise lesson plans, and assessment tools, as well as a variety of reading material online via Raz–Kids, our reading programs are proven effective, efficient and engaging.

Students will be able to read independent texts regularly to gain fluency, build their word bank and benefit from punctuation cues to understand meaning and provide expression. Also included in the program are such topics as rhyming words, role playing, characterization of a story, cause & effect, opposites, sequencing, and sight words to enhance interpretation and imaginative thinking skills.

Reading Strategies: The reading strategies for second grade will include retell, make, revise, confirm, predictions, visualize, ask and answer questions, self–monitor, summarize, author's purpose, connect to prior knowledge, text to text connections, and self–question.

Writing: It is known that children can express themselves, communicate ideas, clarify their thinking, and integrate new information into their knowledge base through writing. The writing section of this curriculum will afford students the amazing opportunities to create various kinds of texts; imaginative, personal, and informational, as well as those that contain a combination of writing and graphic representations. It will help them develop a range of approaches to creating text, including those that apply before, during, and after writing.

Students will also learn to write coherently and legibly in cursive script. They will be able to choose topics on their own; use different categories of words to compose poems, diary entries, short texts and drafts; edit using appropriate grammatical structures; use punctuation correctly and accurately to describe sensations.

Math

YMOH mathematics program aims to incorporate unrivaled inquiry–based philosophy to breed independent learners who are not only problem solvers, but confident risk–takers. We understand that educational excellence is only achieved when content is sequenced, applicable to students’ interests and needs, and applied to solving real problems.

Mathematics and problem–solving skills are in leaps and bounds becoming more valued as we move from an industrial to an informational society. Due to this, mathematics literacy has become increasingly essential. Making connections between mathematical study and daily life, business, government, industry, and environmental thinking is important. The YMOH mathematics curriculum aims to support and promote the understanding that mathematics is a way of learning about our world, part of our daily lives, both quantitative and geometric in nature.

It includes varieties of instructional activities, learning resources, and assessment strategies, meant to elevate the meaningful engagement of mathematics learners. It is created to be used as an aid to help students gain the prescribed outcomes and achievement indicators in their grade level mathematics.

For example, the Second Grade level math lessons are meant to help the students understand mathematical concepts of number recognition, addition, subtraction, shapes, measurement, time and money. The lessons gives special significance to providing grade appropriate mathematical and algebraic materials and problems from everyday life that students will interpret and solve to help sharpen their mathematical and algebraic skills.

Areas of study include:

Number and Operations: This section focuses on counting and number patterns up to 100; skip counting by 2s, 3s, 5s, 10s; comparing and ordering numbers; learning the names of numbers; and understanding the number line and word problems up to 1000. Other key topics include addition and subtraction of between 2 to 3 digits; fractions, division, and multiplication of numbers; place value; algebra; recognizing even and odd numbers; as well as learning estimating and rounding.

Measurement: This section will aid in teaching students the use of measurement techniques and tools. Students will be able to select and independently use appropriate measurement tools, identify and select appropriate units of measurement for length, volume (capacity), weight and time.

Geometry and Spatial Sense: Here, students will learn characters and properties of two dimensional shapes and three dimensional shapes; identify, describe, compare, and sort three–dimensional shapes(i.e., cubes, spheres, prisms, cones, cylinders and pyramids) according to the shapes or the numbers of faces, edges, or vertices; point-out spatial relationships, transformation and symmetry.

Mathematical Process: This section will help teach students identify fractions and use of money in real life scenarios. Student will also learn to compare money and value, tell time, read schedules and enhance problem solving skills.

Patterning and Algebra: Students will learn how to continue number and shape patterns.They will determine the missing numbers in equations involving addition and subtraction.

Data Analysis: Students will learn to collect data and organize them in charts, picture graphs and bar graphs. Through this section, students will be able to read, interpret and make comparisons and predictions from data represented in charts, line plots, picture graphs and bar graphs. They will be able to read and construct simple timelines to sequence events; describe and compare categories of data represented in a chart or graph, and make statements about the data as a whole.

Financial Literacy: Grade Two students will learn history of money and money cycle, meaning of the term economy, goods and services, natural resources, look at  different economies of the rich and poor countries, their natural, capital and human resources, distinguish between producers and consumers, wants and needs, bartering and product cycle. They will also learn the basic values of the four keys of financial literacy, viz how to earn, spend, save or share including how to benefit from short and long term savings. Grade two students will also role play wise consumer, plan and budget pocket money and work on Ramadan projects on how to give sadaqa or help needy people and become a caring member of the community at a very young age.

Math Vocabulary: Student will also learn math vocabulary for each unit.

Science

Science is a fascinating subject which does not only arouse curiosity in young learners but helps them better understand Allah’s Signs around them. Allah Almighty in His Holy Book, says “Praise be unto Allah! He will show you His Signs and you will recognize them. Your Lord is not heedless of anything you do” [Surah An Naml, Verse 93].

Grade Two science lessons will be project–based for students so as to enable them to carry out research on topics covered in the classroom through recommended resources. The course will help them develop the basic knowledge of living and non–living things –­plant and animals, earth and land forms –rocks and soil, water, weather and seasons, and human body. As well as observing patterns of growth and changes in living things, they will be able to describe patterns and make predictions. They will explore the use of resources from within the earth, and will be able to classify plants and animals while enhancing their understanding of their surrounding environment.

Earth and Space Science: Students will learn about layers of the earth and land forms, the solar system, phases of the moon, habitats, weather, water cycle and change of seasons. Using the skills, processes, and attitudes of science, they will develop an understanding of the processes, forces, and dynamic life–supporting qualities of the earth.

Life Science (Health and Fitness): Students will learn about human body –growing and caring for human body, food pyramids and food for fitness. They will learn about plants, identify parts of plants –flower, photosynthesis, seed dispersal and life cycle. They will also learn about classification of plants and animals. They will extend their understanding of the living world and their place within it through the skills, processes, and attitudes of science.

Environmental Science: With respect to health and fitness, students will learn about living and non–living things –rocks and soil, air and water. They will be introduced to basic experiments to help them explore and develop a thorough understanding of the various processes in nature. Through the skills, processes, and attitudes of science, they will enhance their understanding of their surrounding environment.

Social Studies

Second grade students will be introduced to communities and the Muslims world across the globe. They will become aware of their Islamic heritage as they discover stories of their local community's past and present. They will explore ways in which people interact with the natural environment and come to understand the nature of their communities. Students will enhance their awareness of the Islamic lifestyle and geographic diversity of their country through reading the book titled “Muslims in the Community” which contains varieties of Muslim lifestyles, cultures and geographies from around the world. As well as allowing them to develop geographical ideas and skills, this exploration will enable them discover the diversity and commonalities that link Islamic communities.

Islamic Studies
Grade Two students will study a course comprising of the six units: Aqeedah, Fiqh, Seerah, Tafsir, Hadith, Character Education and Tajweed.

Aqeedah (Tawheed): Students will learn about the Three Principles and The Five Pillars of Islam and Six Pillars of Eemaan (faith).

Seerah: Students will carry out a study of the Arab world, the pre-Islamic period, birth and life of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) during his early Mekkan period, and the companions who recorded the Quran (Al Quraa).

From the life of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) they will learn about:

- The birth of the Prophet (story of the Year of the Elephant)
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) as a Shepherd
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him): the Truthful and the Trustworthy
- The Revelation
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) and his household
- The Year of Grief
- Al-Isra' and Al-Mi'raj
- The First Migration to Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

Sahabah Series:In this series, students will study about the ten Companions who wrote down the Quran ( Abdullah ibn Masood, Ubai Ibn Ka'ab, Zayed Ibn Thabit, Abdullah ibn Al Zubair, Mu’ad Ibn Jabal, Arqam bin Abi al Arqam, Thabit bin Qais bin Shammas, Hanzalah bin ar Rabee'I, Az Zubaur bin al Awwam and Abdullah bin Arqam (r.a).

(According to authentic sources there were twenty nine scribes, the most renowned among whom were the four Caliphs: Abu Bakr Siddiqi, Umar ibn Al Khattab, Uthman ibn Affawan, Ali ibn Abi Thalib. Other companions included Aban bin Saeed bin al Aase,Khalid bin sa'eed bin al Aase, Khalid bin al Walid, Abdullah bin Sa'ad bin abi as Sarh, Amir bin Fuhairah, Abdullah bin Zaid bin Abdu Rabbihi, Al Aala'a bin al Hadrami, Muhammed biin Maslamah bin Jurais, Mu'awiyyah bin abi Sufyan, Al Mughirah bin Shu'bah (r.a). (Ref. Ibn Katheer in his book ' Al bidayah wan Nihayaah'))

Tafseer: Students will continue learning Tafsir of Juz Amma .

Fiqh: Dua before Wudhu, Salah, Takbeer, Tashahud, and others related to Salah are to be learned by the students. Istanjaa and Istajmaar, attributes of wudhu, Dua Istafaah will also be included in the course.

Character Education: Adab is integrated into the entire program. Students will study the Sunnah of the prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) starting with Ikhlas, good intention, saying Bismillah, praising Allah and memorizing a list of supplications each year (Please refer to the YMOH Supplication book).

Hadith:
In Grade Two, students will learn the meaning and benefits of a selected group of hadith in English with Arabic text and authentic references. They will briefly learn about the biography of the narrator of the hadith and also the meaning and an explanation of the Arabic terms in order to apply their values in their daily lives.

Explanation and benefits:
1. Brotherhood and the love of God: Narrated Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "None of you will have faith till he wishes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself." [Bukhari and Muslim (p. 26, No. 13, Sahih Muslim p. 50, No. 45]

2. Mercy: Narrated Jarir bin ‘Abdullah: Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Allah will not be merciful to those who are not merciful to mankind.” [Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 93, Number 473]

3. Good character (akhlaq): Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr: The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) never used bad language neither a 'Fahish' nor a ‘Mutafahish.’ He used to say, 'The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character.' [Sahih Bukhari, Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and his Companions, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 759]

4. Co-operation: Narrated Abu Musa (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "The relationship of the believer with another believer is like (the bricks of) a building, each strengthens the other.'' He (peace and blessings be upon him) illustrated this by interlacing the fingers of both his hands [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Quran with Tajweed

Grade Two students will learn letters of tafkheem and tarqeeq, al ghunnah, types of idghaam, iqlaab, rules of meen sakinah and its sub categories idghaam shafawi, ikhfaa shafawi and idhaar shawawi. In Grade Two, following rules of Tajweed will be covered from Al Qaida Nooraniya.

Lessons 7 – 9 madd and leen letters
Lessons 16 – 17 revision of previous lessons
Lesson 3 huruf al muqatta’a

Memorisation portion:  Juz Amma

Arabic Studies

Second Grade students will continue to work with the Logati text books. The lessons will cover Arabic reading, writing, grammar and comprehension as a first language. Quiz taking and tests would also be applicable as in other subjects.

The first term consists of reading comprehensions on topics such as : My relative, My friends and neighbors, etc. and second term covers lessons on: I love my country, plants and manners of visiting. The prophet is my example and means of communication etc …

Reading: The students will read texts, then revise , analyze and observe the difference between long and short vowels , the different kinds of Tanween (تنوين), shaddah ( الشَّدَّة )and the difference between ي\ى and \ ـه \ ـة , all the kinds of Hamza ( همزة الوصل والقطع والاسم الممدود ) , read short poems and some verses from the Holy Quran related to the topics to make memorization easy.

Listening: Students will listen to some short stories and songs related to the topics in the book.

Speaking: The Logati books are richly illustrated with visuals that help students describe and communicate their thoughts and feelings. In the class students will do conversation using new words and expressions.

Writing: Students will learn to write sentences and small paragraphs .

Vocabulary: The lessons include a variety of vocabulary based on reading comprehension and discussions covering each chapter and the use phrases and expressions such as ليت \ إنَّ \ إلاَّ . etc…

Grammar: Students will learn Arabic tenses ( past, present and imperative) and also how to write them in short form, demonstrative pronouns ( dual and plural ), difference between ( همزة الوصل والقطع ), colors/ feminine or masculine noun, synonyms, opposites and punctuation marks. .

They will learn how to ask questions and answer questions using the appropriate vocabulary and Arabic expressions.

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