Targheeb

Grade 2

Grade Two | YMOH Curriculum

General Overview:

Targheeb's Young Momins’ Online Homeschool (YMOH) program is designed to provide thorough and appropriate instruction to Pre-Kindergarten through first grade and seventh grade students. Using the best of both the British National Curriculum objectives and American Common Core Standards, the YMOH curriculum is a robust, standards–based program of study designed to align with the most current national and international learning standards and is uniquely adapted to meet core Islamic values.
 
The YMOH Elementary Islamic curriculum consists of three main subjects: Islamic Studies, Arabic Studies and Quran. The program of study integrates the Saudi Arabian National curriculum for Islamic and Arabic Studies and a Quran with Tajweed program.   
 
The program equips students with skills, knowledge, abilities, and understandings that are required for each level.  The program also has a number of integrated assessment tools that allow for critical review of student performance including weekly homework assignments, monthly tests, periodical reviews, projects, and formative and summative assessments. 

English Language Arts

In Grade Two, students will further expand their knowledge of the English Language and continue to focus on acquiring language and literacy skills through phonics, spelling, vocabulary, reading and writing. Students will listen, speak, view, and represent to explore thoughts, ideas, feelings and experiences; to respond to texts; represent to comprehend; and respond to oral, literary, and media texts at their level. 
 
Grade Two students will also understand forms and techniques;, represent to manage ideas and information; and organize, record, assess and represent to enhance the clarity and artistry of communication. Learners will be expected to contribute and record general ideas; choose a variety of writing forms; read schedules; infer illustrations; role-play characters  and situation for particular audiences and purposes; organize ideas to create a beginning, middle, and end in oral, written, and visual texts; and attend to conventions such as grammar and usage, spelling, punctuation and capitalization.
 

Areas of study include:

Phonics: In the first semester, students will complete the YMOH Phonics Syllabus for Grade Two covering the phonological sounds of the English alphabets (known as the alphabetic codes), encoding for reading and decoding for spelling and writing. The lessons will include beginning and ending consonants sounds, consonant blends, digraphs, consonant clusters, soft and hard letter sounds, short and long vowel sounds, final ‘e’ to make long vowel  sounds, r-controlled vowels, diphthongs, variant vowels, rhyming words, and unusual word sounds to help students learn the proper pronunciations  of new words and encourage fluent reading.  

Spelling and Vocabulary: The YMOH spelling and vocabulary lessons are connected to the reading and writing activities in the program. Students will continue to use encoding for reading and decoding for spelling and writing. They will also further explore short and long vowels, digraphs,  final ‘e’, silent letters, r-controlled vowels, compound words, antonyms (opposites), synonyms (words alike), homophones (alike words or words that sound alike), plurals (s and es) and inflectional endings linked to vocabulary, reading and writing.

Language Arts: The Grade Two Language Arts program provides students with a range of texts, contexts, and purposes associated with the use of language in exercises from Steck Vaughn’s Language Exercises- Workbook B along with other supplementary resources such as MacMillan-McGraw Hill  Treasures Practice Book to provide ample practice on each topic.

Grammar and Mechanics: In Grade Two, students will learn parts of speech: nouns (naming words), pronouns, verbs (action words [irregular verb- to have, to be,   base words (present tense) and -ed words (past tenses) and -ing words (present continuous]), adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. The program also covers plurals (regular and irregular), comparatives (words that compare), using apostrophes in contractions and possessives, simple and compound sentence structures, statements and questions (telling or asking sentences); capitalization and punctuation marks (period, commas, exclamation, and question marks), use of articles (a, an and the),  ordering sentences, sentence subject (parts that name), sentence predicate (parts that show action), sorting and sequencing,  alphabetical order, multiple meaning words,  synonyms, antonyms (opposites),  idioms, similes, dictionary skills, and other skills appropriate for their level.

Reading:  The YMOH reading program provides students with a wide range of reading resources such as selected topics from MacMillian Treasures, Brain Quest, Learning A-Z, Eeman Series, Stories from the Quran and other cross-curricular topics that meet the students’ levels. The genre or categories of reading will include non-fiction, fiction, short stories; fables (Aesop), fairy tales, folk tales, myths (and their Islamic view), poems (rhyming), schedules, recipes, and other cross- curricular readings covered in Grade Two.

Reading Strategies: Grade Two reading strategies will cover  main idea and details, retell, make predictions, ask and answer questions, understanding characters, setting, story map, plot, events, making inferences, predicting or making deductions, cause and effect, compare and contrast, role playing, sequencing, author’s purpose, summarize, connect to prior knowledge, table of content, and fact and opinion.

Writing: Students will be able to creatively express themselves, communicate ideas, clarify their thinking, and understand new information through writing at a very young age. To foster good writing skills, the curriculum also includes a variety of topics from grammar such as the appropriate use of capitalizations, abbreviation of initials and titles, writing sentences (paragraphs), and writing short essays and friendly letters. Through their reading skills students will learn to write complete answers to reading comprehension passages and complete word category (fill in the blanks) exercises. They will also be expected to demonstrate a variety of writing skills such as an interview; diary entry; sensory descriptions; directions; reviews; story starters;, and descriptive, persuasive, personal, and informational passages.

Math

YMOH mathematics program aims to incorporate unrivaled inquiry–based philosophy to breed independent learners who are not only problem solvers, but confident risk–takers. We understand that educational excellence is only achieved when content is sequenced, applicable to students’ interests and needs, and applied to solving real problems.

Mathematics and problem–solving skills are in leaps and bounds becoming more valued as we move from an industrial to an informational society. Due to this, mathematics literacy has become increasingly essential. Making connections between mathematical study and daily life, business, government, industry, and environmental thinking is important. The YMOH mathematics curriculum aims to support and promote the understanding that mathematics is a way of learning about our world, part of our daily lives, both quantitative and geometric in nature.

It includes varieties of instructional activities, learning resources, and assessment strategies, meant to elevate the meaningful engagement of mathematics learners. It is created to be used as an aid to help students gain the prescribed outcomes and achievement indicators in their grade level mathematics.

For example, the Second Grade level math lessons are meant to help the students understand mathematical concepts of number recognition, addition, subtraction, shapes, measurement, time and money. The lessons gives special significance to providing grade appropriate mathematical and algebraic materials and problems from everyday life that students will interpret and solve to help sharpen their mathematical and algebraic skills.

Areas of study include: 

Number Sense  and Place Value: In Grade Two students will further develop their understanding of number sense by learning about different ways of representing numbers and their relationships. They will study counting and number patterns such as skip-counting 10s, 25s, 50s and 100s; even and odd numbers; number line up to 100, counting forward or backward by 1s or 10s; and comparing and ordering whole numbers up to 1000. The learners will also practice ordinal numbers to 100th,  work with place value models up to 1000, convert words to numbers or expanded form, learn Roman numerals, and develop a good foundation of basic operations and learn to compute fluently using a variety of tools and strategies.
 
Number Operations: Students will learn to use larger numbers and count up to 1000 using thousands charts and practice mathematical activities such as identifying greatest and least, mentally adding 10 or 100; comparing 3 digit-numbers, rounding to the nearest 100s; cumulative problem solving, working with place values in three-digit numbers, understanding the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction, adding or subtracting two-digit and three-digit numbers with or without regrouping, and predicting the relative size of solutions for both addition and subtraction. Students will also be expected to use fact families when solving problems, find missing addends, and solve more complex word problems.
 
In semester two, students will use number lines and arrays to learn the multiplication tables for 2, 3, 4, and 5. Students will also learn to identify, write and model multiplication sentences for equal groups, name the product and factors, and solve multiplication word problems. Students will review fractions of equal parts, halves, thirds, quarters, and eighths and learn to order, compare, and model word problems equivalent to whole numbers.    
 
In semester three students will begin basic division problems by splitting numbers evenly between groups, using arrays for tables 1-5, relating subtraction and division for equal groups, relating multiplication and division for equal groups, and identifying and writing repeated subtraction and division sentences for equal groups. Students will learn and understand the expressions related to division: the divisor, quotient, and dividend. Students will also learn division of multi-digit numbers, division with remainders, and division using an area model. Learners will extend their skills  related to decimals, rounding, multiplication, division fact families, perimeter division word problems, , understanding long division of two- and three -digit numbers, and inverse relation of division applying all the number operational skills covered in semester one and two.
 
Geometry and Spatial Sense: Students will review regular and irregular polygons (plane shapes) and two-dimensional shapes, create vertical and horizontal line symmetry and asymmetry, and learn translation, rotation and reflection of shapes. They will further study properties of three-dimensional figures, classify three-dimensional figures by geometric properties (number and shape of faces, vertices and edges such as distinguishing between attributes that are geometric properties and attributes that are not geometric properties, and investigate shared properties of classes of shapes and figures.
 
Measurement: Grade Two students learn about the measurable attributes of objects and shapes and about the units and processes involved in measurement. Students begin to learn how to measure by working with non-standard units, and then progress to using the basic metric units to measure quantities such as length, area, volume, capacity, mass, and temperature. Students will learn linear measurement that applies to length and distance. They will work with a variety of linear units, including standard units of inches, feet, yards, centimeters, miles, kilometers and meters. Besides measuring length, students will learn to measure the weight and capacity (volume) of objects. Students will also learn to measure and convert between cups, pints, and quarts using subtraction, addition, and multiplication skills.
 
Measurements will also include geometry wherein students will measure two-dimensional and three-dimensional figures, understand their attributes (point lines, line segments, endpoints, basic angles, straight angles, and  right-angle, acute and obtuse angles), and solve perimeter and area word problems related to two-dimensional shapes. 
 
Patterning and Algebra: Students will identify, describe, and create repeating, growing and shrinking patterns, reflect on the various number sense activities finding the missing numbers on a chart, skip counting and multiplication patterns, students will also use shapes and colors to demonstrate create unique patterns that are pictorial or symbolic and transfer patterns from one medium to another, and will learn to describe, expand and predict pattern rules.
 
Data Analysis and Graphs: Students will learn to create and interpret tally charts and tables; collect, organize and record data into three or more categories; organize data in pictographs and bar graphs; sort information, and make representations of data. Students will also use Venn diagrams and line plots to read, interpret or create a variety of representations of numerical and categorical data.  
 
Time and Money: Students will build on their skills with telling time as they measure, record, and calculate the duration of events using timelines and schedules. They will be taught the concepts of minutes, half-hours, hours, days, weeks, months, and years. Students will demonstrate an ability to use both digital and analog clocks to measure time including quarter-hours and five-minute intervals.
Students will learn money mixed operations and money word problems with purchases and change from a purchase
 
Financial Literacy:  Students will review goods and services, bartering, and the money cycle. They will learn the history of money; natural, capital and human resources of a country; and the meaning of the term economy. Learners will look at the different economies of rich and poor countries, distinguish between producers and consumers, and understand the product cycle. Students will also learn the four keys of financial literacy (Earn, Spend, Share and Save) and how to benefit from short and long term savings. Grade two students will also role play wise consumers and plan and budget pocket money.

Math Vocabulary: Student will also learn math vocabulary for each unit.

Science
 
The YMOH Elementary Science program covers three main topics:  earth and space science; life science; and environmental science; and cross curricular and integrated learning. 
 
Grades Two - Five, students will embark on the systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment.  Students will demonstrate an understanding of scientific inquiry, the processes of nature and engage in three processes: inquiry, problem-solving, and decision making.
 
Students will also give importance to the Quranic evidences that may confirm or contradict human discoveries and scientific theories during the course of the elementary program.
 
In Grade Two students will learn about the body system, plant and animal life cycles, characteristics and classification of plants and animals.  The importance of living in healthy environment to sustain life, how poor living conditions can affect living things, and environmental changes due to pollution and recycling.
 
Areas of study include:
 
Earth and Space Science: Grade Two students will learn about the phases of the moon, the solar system, and rocks and soil.  Natural wonders of earth e.g. Niagara falls, Sahara Desert, Uluru (Ayers rock) the world's largest ocean etc.
 
Life Science : Grade Two students will learn about the human body systems and their functions: cardiovascular/circulatory system; muscular system; respiratory system and skeletal system and their functions. Study food chains, food pyramids; understand what is essential for the maintenance of life and for growth and how to plan a balanced diet. They will also learn health benefits of food groups: proteins, carbohydrates, fat, oils and the importance of keeping fit.  
 
The study will also learn classification of plants and animals, parts of a flower, identify and label flower parts, photosynthesis, seed dispersal, what seeds need to grow.   
 
Environmental Science: Grade two students learn the importance of water and water cycle, air and its effects on the environment, what is weather, the effects of weather (rain, wind, clouds, snow and hail) and compare and contrast the nature of living things.
 
Students will also learn the major causes of environmental pollution, how to prevent environmental pollution, effects of environmental pollution including the endangerment, environment changes,   and extinction of both plant and animal species.

Social Studies

The Grade Two Social Studies program will focus on the theme "Muslims Around the World" by Susan Douglas.  Students will learn about a community, who lives in a community, how do people help each other in a community, what makes a community work, important places in a community, community and brotherhood, and a Muslim home.
 
Students will learn about Muslim communities around the world such as the Uyghuristan village in East Turkistan), China and Giginya village which lies in Husaland, the large Islamic  of Northern,  Nigeria, learn about their Muslim heritage and culture, language, food, language and other aspects of daily life.  This exploration will also enable them to discover the diversity and commonalities that link Muslim communities.
 
Grade Two Students will also learn about the three major Islamic cities, Mekkah, Madinah and Jerusalem, connect to the Quran and Ahadeeth to build awareness of the cities background and religious significance. 
 
Students will  also explore physical features of the map of the earth, learn to read world maps, land maps and town maps, understand cardinal maps using a compass rose, write directions, learn different environments, movements, and historical and geographical regions and be able to identify where Muslims countries are located on the map. 
 
Project activities will include writing a timeline, analyze how past and present are connected, compare and contrast and differentiate how things change over time and design and create a model of their own Muslim city.
 

Islamic Studies

Grade Two Islamic Studies program will consist of eight unit: Aqeedah, Fiqh, Seerah, Sahaba Series, Tafsir,   Ahadeeth, Character Education (Tahtheeb Al-Nafs), and Quran with Tajweed. 
 
Areas of study include:
 
Aqeedah (Tawheed): Students will review Grade One Aqeedah portion, learn about the Three Fundamental Principles, the wisdom behind creating the Jinn and human beings, the obligation of worshipping Allah alone, worshipping other than Allah is Shirk,  Pillars of Islam (submission) and Iman (faith), the two testimonies, Ihsaan and belief in resurrection, slaves knowledge of the Prophet, he Three Ranks of Deen (Islam, Iman and Ihsan)
 
Fiqh: Students will begin the year with a review of the Grade One  Fiqh portion covering  Taharah, Istinjaa and Istijmar, Wudhu, Tayyammum, nullifier of wudu, Salah: Obligatory prayers,  the opening supplication  supplication (Dua) Istafaah,  Tashahud, Adhan, and other duas and dikhr in Salah.  |

Seerah: Students will review Seerah from Grade One and embark on advance literature appropriate to Grade Two. Seerah will  cover  the birth and life of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) during his early Mekkan period, and the companions who recorded the Quran (Al Quraa).

Review topics with Tafsir)
From the life of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) they will learn about:
- The birth of the Prophet (story of the Year of the Elephant)
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) as a Shepherd
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him):  the Truthful and the Trustworthy)
- The Revelation
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) and his household
- The Year of Grief
- Al-Isra' and Al-Mi'raj
- The First Migration to Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
 
Sahabah Series: In this series, students will learn about the Companions who wrote down the Qur’an (Abdullah ibn Masood, Ubai Ibn Ka'ab, Zaid Ibn Thabit, Abdullah ibn Al-Zubair, Mu’ad Ibn Jabal, Arqam bin Abi Al-Arqam, Thabit bin Qais bin Shammas, Hanzalah bin Al-Rabee'I, Al- Zubair bin Al-Awwam and Abdullah bin Arqam (May Allah be pleased with them).
(According to authentic sources there were twenty nine scribes, the most renowned among whom were the four Caliphs: Abu Bakr Siddiqi, Umar ibn Al Khattab, Uthman ibn Affawan, Ali ibn Abi Thalib. Other companions included Aban bin Saeed bin al Aase,Khalid bin sa'eed bin al Aase, Khalid bin al Walid, Abdullah bin Sa'ad bin abi as Sarh, Amir bin Fuhairah, Abdullah bin Zaid bin Abdu Rabbihi, Al Aala'a bin al Hadrami, Muhammed bin Maslamah bin Jurais, Mu'awiyyah bin abi Sufyan, Al Mughirah bin Shu'bah (May Allah be pleased with them). (Ref. Ibn Katheer in his book ' Al bidayah wan Nihayaah'))

Tafsir:  Students will continue to learn the importance of understanding the meaning/interpretation of short Surahs in Juz Amma. 
 
Character Education (Tahtheeb Al-Nafs):  Tahtheeb Al-Nafs is integrated into the entire program. Students will learn about the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) starting with Ikhlas (good intentions), saying Bismillah, praising Allah and memorizing a list of supplications each year.
 
Ahadeeth:   Students will learn about the meanings and benefits of a selected number of hadeeth   translated in English from authentic and reliable Arabic sources, (Sahih). They will also briefly learn about the biographies of the narrators of the Ahadeeth and benefit from lessons derived from them. 

Explanation and benefits: 
1. Brotherhood and the love of God: Narrated Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "None of you will have faith till he wishes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself." [Bukhari and Muslim (p. 26, No. 13, Sahih Muslim p. 50, No. 45]
 
2. Mercy: Narrated Jarir bin ‘Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Allah will not be merciful to those who are not merciful to mankind.” [Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 93, Number 473]
 
3. Good Character (Akhlaq Hasana): Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Amr (may Allah be pleased with him) the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) never used bad language neither a 'Fahish' nor a ‘Mutafahish.’ He used to say, 'The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and characters.' [Sahih Bukhari, Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and his Companions, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 759]
 
4. Co-operation: Narrated Abu Musa (May Allah be pleased with him) reported The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said, "The relationship of the believer with another believer is like (the bricks of) a building, each strengthens the other.'' He (peace and blessings be upon him) illustrated this by interlacing the fingers of both his hands [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
 
Quran with Tajweed: Students will continue Al Qaida Al Nooraniya (Part II) and will learn  the letters of al ghunnah, types of iqlaab, rules of meen sakinah, idghaam, and  sub categories idghaam shafawi, ikhfaa shafawi and idhaar shawawi. In Grade Two, following rules of Tajweed will be covered from Al Qaida Nooraniya. 

Lessons 7 – 9 Alif, waaw and yaa Sageerah (madd sageerah) and and leen letters; Lessons 16 – 17/last lesson: Sukun with madd, idghaam and revision; Lesson 3 huruf al muqatta’a; Laf Dul Jalalah. (uttering the word of The Magnificent); MemorisationMemorization:  Juz Amma
It is compulsory that Students memorize supplications from the Grade Two YMOH Dua book   for each   and memorize Juz Amma.
 

Arabic Studies

The Grade Two Arabic Logati curriculum is designed thematically with real life situations based on the Quran and Ahadeeth. In order to meet with the students level, the comprehension passages will be summarized and selected topics of the workbook will be used to meet the level of non-Arabic speakers .  
 
The program will cover spelling and vocabulary, grammar mechanics, reading, listening, speaking and writing.  The themes will cover: My Relative: Family Ties, Seeking Forgiveness from Elders, and In Times of Sickness (mother); My Friends is My Neighbors: The Small Neighbor, Greeting Card, and the Two Blessed Cities; Life of a Muslim: I am a Muslim, Muslims in the Community - The Secret Charity; Plants: Journey of a Seed (Wheat), and Cultivation; Etiquettes and mannerism: Removing harm from the path and seeking permission;  Messenger our Role Model: honoring elders, etiquettes of seeking permission and forgiveness and honesty; Transportation and Communication: Compare and contrast Car and the Camel, Means of Communication, and The Computer; Employment: Love of Work: Ambitions, The Young Inventor, and The Role of the Doctor.  

Spelling and Vocabulary: The lessons include a key words based on the reading comprehension units covering: nouns - regular masculine and feminine singular and plural nouns, verbs forms: past, present, future and imperative forms, and verbal nouns, pronouns, prepositions, adjectives and adverbs, synonyms, antonyms and numbers.   

Grammar Mechanics: Students will learn the definite and indefinite articles, sun and moon lettters, verb forms and verb conjugations, nouns:  how to inflect nouns for gender using ta marbutha, dual and plural forms, demonstrative pronouns, subject ad predicate, negation, use of the past tense form with kana, and the use of inna (converters),     colors, and learn verbs and how to conjugate them using I, you (m) and you (f), he, she and we. 

Students will also learn how to ask questions and answer questions using appropriate vocabulary and Arabic expressions.
 
Reading:
The students will read and comprehend the Arabic text through a spelling and vocabulary bank for each reading lesson.  They will learn to identify Arabic texts, then revise, analyze and observe the different articulation between long and short Arabic vowels ا و  and ي, use of ال alif laam in nouns (definite) sun and moon letters,  the use of \ ـه \ ـة, (ha and taa Marbutha), the difference between ( همزة الوصل والقطع ),  difference between ي\ى and Hamza(t) ( همزة الوصل والقطع والاسم الممدود ). Students will also be reading short poems, Ahadeeth and Quranic verses relevant to the subject or theme.   
 
Students will be given access to the YMOH Reading Room  to access Arabic reading books appropriate to their level.
 
Listening: Students will watch videos related to the lesson to develop their listening skills. The videos will contain short stories and Ahadeeth related to the topics in the book.
 
Speaking: The ‘Loghati’ books are richly illustrated with visuals that help students describe and communicate their thoughts and feelings. In the class students will be encouraged to use new words and expressions in their day-to-day conversations.
 
Writing: Students will be given ample homework exercises and they will be required to develop their handwriting skills and gradually develop the ability to identify answers to their reading comprehension and other activities from the reading passage and write their answers even with a one word answer.   
 

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