Grade 1

Grade One | YMOH Curriculum

General Overview: 

Targheeb's Young Momins’ Online Homeschool (YMOH) program is designed to provide thorough and appropriate instruction to Pre-Kindergarten through first grade and seventh grade students. Using the best of both the British National Curriculum objectives and American Common Core Standards, the YMOH curriculum is a robust, standards–based program of study designed to align with the most current national and international learning standards and is uniquely adapted to meet core Islamic values.
The YMOH Elementary Islamic curriculum consists of three main subjects: Islamic Studies, Arabic Studies and Quran. The program of study integrates the Saudi Arabian National curriculum for Islamic and Arabic Studies and a Quran with Tajweed program.   
The program equips students with skills, knowledge, abilities, and understandings that are required for each level.  The program also has a number of integrated assessment tools that allow for critical review of student performance including weekly homework assignments, monthly tests, periodical reviews, projects, and formative and summative assessments. 

English Language

The goal of the YMOH literacy program is to incorporate an inquiry–based philosophy to create independent, critical, and ardent readers and writers. To achieve this the program incorporates a balanced literacy approach in which reading, writing, listening and speaking learning activities enable students to develop the necessary skills that will serve them in all academic areas. 

Areas of study include;

Phonics: In the first 8 – 12 weeks of the academic year, students will complete the YMOH Phonics Syllabus for Grade One covering the phonological sounds of the English alphabets (known as the alphabetic codes), encoding for reading and decoding for spelling and writing. The lessons include a review of the 26 English alphabets, beginning and ending consonant sounds, short and long vowels sounds, consonant digraphs, blends, silent letters, soft and hard letter sounds, rhyming words, and unusual word sounds to help students learn the proper pronunciation of words and encourage fluent reading.


The YMOH spelling lessons are delivered thematically allowing students to learn at their own pace in an interesting way.  Students will learn to spell appropriate words by blending letters with the correct usage of consonants, long and short vowels, and beginning and ending letter sounds. YMOH spelling lists are linked to the thematic reading selections such as Colors, Pets, Shapes, The Tree House, Who Made the Mess, The Picnic, Number words –Finger Counting, Days of the Week, and include sight words from other reading passages related to the themes presented throughout the year. 
Spelling strategies are incorporated in the lessons to help develop students’ ‘visual memory’, provide an understanding of ‘sound–letter relationships’, define unusual or new words through word or picture clues, and understand word meanings and their usage in instruction. Practice of these strategies makes writing or composition activities a major part of each spelling lesson. 


YMOH vocabulary lessons combine phonics, spelling and reading skills to help students build their vocabulary. Its flexibility allows adding words that students need to master and tailoring writing assignments for specific word uses such as writing compositions on Myself, A Day at the Beach, In the Kitchen, On the Farm, Tea Time and other cross-curricular reading activities. Students will also sharpen their vocabulary skills in order to better understand and apply what they have learned in the writing activities.

Language Arts: YMOH Language Arts lessons are introduced in semester two as students gain a good foundation in phonics, spelling, vocabulary, and reading in semester one.   The Language Arts program provides students with a range of texts, contexts, and purposes associated with the use of language from Steck Vaughn’s English Language Arts Grammar Workbook A along with other complimentary resources to provide ample practice on each topic.

Grammar and Mechanics: In Grade  One, students will learn different parts of speech including nouns (naming words), pronouns, proper nouns, verbs (action words [regular, present and past tenses]), adjectives, adverbs, plurals (regular and irregular), verb to be, irregular verbs, contractions, antonyms (opposites), synonyms (like meanings), homophones (alike words or words that sound alike), the basic rules of word usage, simple sentence structures such as complete sentences, statements and questions (telling or asking sentences) capitalization and punctuation marks (period,  exclamation, and question marks), use of articles (a, an and the), ordering sentences,  sentence subjects (parts that name), sentence predicates (parts that show action), sorting and sequencing words in alphabetical order, and other skills appropriate to their level.

Reading: The reading section of this curriculum focuses mainly on providing students with great opportunities to read various types of text through a variety of reading material online, in order to improve literal and higher–level comprehension. They will be encouraged to read independent texts on a regular basis in order to increase fluency in reading, build their word bank and benefit from punctuation cues to understand the meaning and provide expression.

While it will increase students’ repertoire of techniques and strategies they can use before, during, and after reading to comprehend and extend their understanding of texts, the section is planned to develop students’ metacognitive capacity to identify and achieve goals for improving their reading and to respond to texts in an increasingly thoughtful and sophisticated manner. It will also develop students’ awareness of the different kinds of written and visual text, the characteristics that distinguish them, and the impact of the stylistic effects used.

Reading Strategies: Grade One reading strategies will cover identifying genres of fiction; understanding non-fiction texts; and learning how to retell, make predictions,  visualize, ask and answer questions, self-monitor, summarize, connect to prior knowledge, make text-to-text connections, and self–question.

Writing: In YMOH writing lessons students learn how to convey their thoughts in writing by applying their acquired phonics, spelling, vocabulary skills and knowledge of grammar to author original works.  By semester three, they are expected to be well versed in the components of good writing.  At the end of Grade one, they will be able to construct basic, meaningful sentences and produce creative writing pieces such as descriptive passages and short stories. They will also reflect on a range of ideas from resources used in class on how to communicate effectively through writing.


The YMOH mathematics program aims to provide a continuous acceleration of numeracy skills that build upon foundational skills acquired in Pre-K and Kindergarten.  In semester one students will continue to focus on topics such as higher numbers and number recognition, number sequence, numbers before and after,  small and large numbers, number relationships (greater than, lesser than, and equal to), odd and even numbers,  ordinal and cardinal numbers,  one-digit and two-digit addition and subtraction, and skip counting. In semester two they will learn place value, grouping tens and ones, decomposing and composing addends and regrouping, shapes, and measurements.  In semester three they will apply their knowledge of number sense in understanding concepts and topics such as time and money, estimating, sorting, classifying, sequencing numbers, tallying, graphs, geometry, patterning, fractions, problem solving and reasoning skills that contribute to the growth of abstract and logical critical thinking.

Areas of study include;

Numbers and Operations:
Students will engage in activities that build number sense. Students will be expected to extend the counting sequence 0 – 100 using number charts. Students will understand the meaning of zero and its function as a placeholder. Using number lines 0 – 10 and 0 – 20, students will identify positive numbers (digits), add and subtract by counting on or counting back, count doubles and doubles plus one, master fact families, in addition, subtract with zero, and skip count by 2s, 3s, and 5s. Additionally, students will practice using a hundred chart (1 – 100) to learn the order or sequence of numbers, identify number patterns, and compare and order numbers.  Students will study properties of operations and will practice addition and subtraction of one and two-digit numbers.  Students will understand place value, expand numbers, continue to add and subtract larger two and three-digit numbers based on place value and learn to borrow and regroup tens and ones. Students will also build an understanding of mathematical terms such as the use of sum, difference, equal to, less than, or greater than when solving word problems. 
Students will be introduced to basic measurement tools such as the weighing scale, a kitchen scale, 6” and 12” ruler or scale, measuring tape, and a measuring jug to measure liquids. They will also use common measuring units such as inches, centimetres, litres and millilitres, and grams and kilograms. Students will be expected to visually compare and estimate length, height, and weight, and compare two units of measurements using expressions such as short and long, light and heavy, and big and small.  
Students will also be given activities to practice at home using their hand spans or feet, foot-ruler (scale), and a weighing scale to measure things around the house.  

Geometry and Spatial Sense: Student will cover some of the key concepts in geometry such as points, lines, and line segments and how they relate to two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes. To extend the topic, fractions will be introduced following geometry.  Students will partition circles, rectangles, and other masses into two and four equal parts. Additionally, students will study symmetry; describe fractional parts using the words equal, halves, fourths, and quarters; and use the phrases half of, fourth of, and quarter of. They will also come to understand that dividing fractional parts creates smaller parts.

Patterning and Algebra:

Students will recognize, identify, and describe patterns in their environments (e.g., geometric patterns in fabrics and wallpaper, party decorations, and numeric patterns on a calendar);  learn to create extended repeating patterns involving one or more attributes such as colors, shapes, objects (images), size, orientation, and numbers; and identify similarities in, or differences between patterns. 
Students will also learn to recognize, describe, and generalize patterns, build different sequences or repeated patterns (involving one or more attributes from their number sense activities), and use hundred  charts to identify repetitive patterns of the count 1- 9. They will also come to understand that the number line represents numbers that extend through the number system, skip counting can represent odd and even numbers, and blocks of tens and ones represent place value. Additionally, learners will be expected to describe patterns in stories and poems and identify missing elements in repeating patterns.

Data Analysis and Graph: Students will learn the meaning and usage of the term data and present data by creating tally tables, pictographs and bar Students will also learn to interpret graphs to extractor sort data from them.

Time and Money: Students will learn about analog and digital clocks and their parts( the clock face,   hour hand, and minute hand) to tell time and the conversion table(how many seconds in a minute, how minutes in an hour and how many hours in a day). Students will also discuss the timings for the five obligatory prayers, read schedules, follow class timetables, and study other related topics such as seasons, days of the week and months of the year. 
As an introduction to Money, Grade One students will learn about the Islamic currencies, notes and coins present and past. They will use a hundred chart to understand that 100 parts (decimals) make the value of 1 whole whether it be a dollar, pound, rupee or any other currency. Students will also use their sequencing, adding, subtracting, fraction and sorting skills to count money. They will also use money worksheets to practice purchasing goods and services and calculate remainders.  
Then they will look at the different denominations (notes and coins) used in their own country and understand their monetary values

Financial Literacy: In this section, YMOH goal is to teach students the value of money.  Students will learn money concepts and the four financial literacy keys: Earn, Spend, Share and Save. This will include examples of sources of income (Earn), needs and wants (Spend), helping others (Share), and use of money wisely (Save). Students will also learn about the role of money and the money cycle.  

Through cross- curricular subjects, students will also learn how people exchanged goods and services in the past (barter), explore the origin of paper and coin money, and look at pre-historic trade. The program also contains specific instruction to discuss the way Muslims traded during the life of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), including the importance of Sadaqa and Zakaat.       

Math Vocabulary: Students will also learn math vocabulary for each unit

The YMOH Science curriculum is centered on Tawheed.  Children have an inherent curiosity to know who created us and everything around us.  Therefore, students will be introduced to Tawheed to benefit from their natural inquisitiveness. 
Throughout elementary, the program will cover three main topics: earth and space science, life science, and environmental science. Learners will explore these topics and demonstrate an understanding of scientific inquiry including the processes of nature.
The Grade One program aims to teach students the basic principles of belief in a simple and straightforward manner according to their ages, such as learning the Oneness of Allah and the acknowledgment that Allah is The Creator of everything.
As homeschoolers, students will be required to carry out activities such as stating hypotheses, carrying out experiments, making observations, collecting data, clarifying problems, and drawing conclusions at the end of each assignment. 
In Grade One, students will learn about their environment and the signs of Allah’s creations around them: the sun and the moon, day and night, living and non-living things, plants and animals and their habitats, and their amazing body parts and how to keep fit.
They will also expand their understanding of the living world and their place within it through the skills, processes and attitudes of science.
Areas of study include:
Earth and Space Science: 
Students will learn about The Creator and His Creations:, Allah’s name Al-Khaaliq, and that He created the sky, the sun and the moon for a purpose.  They will also learn that Allah’s name is Ar-Razzaaq and understand that He is the provider and sustainer Who has created everything on earth and in the sky for a purpose.
Grade One students will learn the purpose of the creation of the land, the oceans, the sky, the clouds, the stars, the rainbow, the sun, and the moon and reflect upon their understanding of “Tawheed” (cross-curricular Islamic Studies).
Students will also learn about the four seasons, the different weather conditions and how they affect us and identify oceans and continents on the world map.  
Life Science:
Grade One students will learn about living and non-living things, the parts of a plant, basic plant and animal life cycles, animals and their young, the basic needs of plants and animals, the five senses, and the human body and human lifecycle.  , 
They will reflect on Allah’s name, Al-Musawwir and understand that He is the Fashioner and the Bestower of forms. Students will also compare and contrast animals and plants and discover their unique or miraculous features.
While learning about their bodies, students will learn to make healthy choices at a very young age and understand the importance of making the right choices for healthy living. They will study the parts of the body, taking care of the body, choosing healthy eating habits, keeping active, and being safe.            
Environmental Science: Students will learn about habitats and the different environments of living things. They will study people who live in different conditions or environments around the world, causes of pollution, the importance of recycling and the 3 Rs (Reduce, Recycle and Reuse), preserving natural resources, the negative effects of pollution and what it means to be “green”.

Social Studies

The YMOH Social Studies program will be integrated throughout elementary into the English Language Arts lessons as cross-curricular activities to help students acquire the knowledge, skills, and values necessary to become active citizens and contributing members in their communities locally, nationally, and globally.
The Grade One Social Studies program will focus on the theme "I am a Muslim" and topics such as Myself, My City, My Family, and My Country (cross-curricular with Arabic Studies topics). Students will describe where they live and their local surroundings, discuss their community and their favorite places in the city and compare and contrast country (farm) and city life. They will learn about goods and services, people in the community, transportation, street maps and road safety, and the two Eids (Muslim festivals). 
Grade One students will also increase their knowledge of their country and consider the connections that bring people together in communities, past and present. As they learn about human diversity and interdependence, they will begin to appreciate the essence of connecting and belonging. The Social Studies lessons will require students to carry out field trips with the assistance of their parents to meet the requirement of socializing and learning outside the classroom. 

Islamic Studies

The Grade One Islamic Studies program will consist of eight units:  Aqeedah, Fiqh, Seerah, Sahaba Series, Tafsir, Ahadeeth, Character Education (Tahtheeb Al-Nafs) and Quran with Tajweed. 
Aqeedah (Tawheed): Students will learn the basics of Tawheed: Allah’s Oneness (‘Who is your Lord?’, ‘What is your religion?’ and ‘Who is your Prophet?’), knowing your Lord, knowing what is obligatory upon every person,   the Shahaadah (testimony or the profession of faith) and Al-Asma  Al-Husna  (the most beautiful names and attributes of Allah ‘Al Khaliq’ and Al-Razaaq’).
Fiqh: Students will learn how to make Wudhu (ablution); the importance of Taharah (cleanliness); Istinjaa and Istijmaar; the descriptions of Wudu, Tayammum, and Salah; and supplications required to perform Wudu and Salah. 
Seerah: Students will learn about the Seerah (life) of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) from the short Surahs of the Quran and ahadeeth and Grade One Aqeedah lessons (i.e. “Who is your Prophet?”)
From the life of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) they will learn about:
- The birth of the Prophet (story of the Year of the Elephant)
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) as a Shepherd
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him): the Truthful and the Trustworthy)
- The Revelation
- The Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) and his household
- The Year of Grief
- Al-Isra' and Al-Mi'raj
- The First Migration to Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Sahaba Series: They will also learn about the lives (biographies) of the early reverts to Islam such as Khadijah bint Khuwaylid r.a, Baraa’ Abu Bishr r.a, Bilal Ibn Rabah r.a, Khabbab Ibn Al-Aratt r.a., Mus'ab ibn 'Umayr r.a., Salman Al Farisi r.a., and Suhayb Ar-Rumi r.a. (Biographies of Abu Bakr r.a. and other companions will be covered in stages within the elementary years).
Tafsir: The students will learn the importance of understanding the meanings/interpretations and application of Istiaadah, Basmala, Surah Al Fatihah and short Surahs (Surah An-Nas to Ad-Dhuha). They will also learn Ahadeeth related to the life of the Prophet Mohammed (peace and blessings be upon him).
1. Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) towards pets :
Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was the best of people in attitude. I had a brother who was called Abu ‘Umayr. He (the narrator) said: I think he said: He was a weanling. When the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) came and saw him, he said: “Abu ‘Umayr, what happened to the nughayr (nightingale)?” He used to play with it.  (Bukhaari and Muslim).
2. Kindness towards Animals- Reward For Being Kind To Animals 
A man walking along a path felt very thirsty. Reaching a well, he descended into it, drank his fill, and came up. Then he saw a dog with its tongue hanging out, trying to lick up mud to quench its thirst. The man said, “This dog is feeling the same thirst that I felt.” So he went down into the well again, filled his shoe with water, and gave the dog a drink. So, Allah thanked him and forgave his sins. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was asked, “Messenger of God, are we rewarded for kindness towards animals?” He said: “There is a reward for kindness to every living animal or human.” (Muslim and (Bukhari)
3. Deeds: The best deeds are consistent even if they are small 
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, (peace and blessings be upon him), said, “Take up good deeds only as much as you are able, for the best deeds are those done regularly even if they are few.”  (Sunan Ibn Mājah)
4, The Winter and Summer: The Hellfire complained to its Lord and said, "O Lord! Some parts of me devour other parts of me.'' So He (Allah) permitted it to take two breaths: one breath in the winter and one breath in the summer. Thus, the most severe cold that you experience in the winter is from its cold, and the most severe heat that you experience in the summer is from its heat. ) In the Two Sahihs it is recorded that he said, "When the heat becomes intense pray the prayer when it cools down, for indeed the intense heat is from the breath of Hell".) This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Qari`ah, and all praise and thanks are due to Allah. (Tafsir of Surat Al-Qari`ah Ibn Katheer)
5. Where is Allah? (Aqeedah) Mu'awiyah as-Sahmi reported: "I had some sheep which I kept between Uhud and Juwaniyyah with a slave-girl to look after them. One day, I went out to check on my sheep and discovered that a wolf had devoured one of them. Since I am just a human, (I became angry) and struck the girl. Later on, I came to the Prophet  (peace and blessings be upon him) and reported to him the incident. He terrified me with the gravity of my action. I said, 'Messenger of Allah'! Shall I free her (as an expiation of my sin.) He said 'Call her over'. When I did, he asked her, 'Where is Allah?' She said, 'Above the heavens'. Then he asked her, 'Who am I?' She said, 'The Messenger of Allah  (peace and blessings be upon him) '. Thereupon, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) ordered me, 'Free her. She is a believer'." (Muslim)
Character Education (Tahtheeb Al-Nafs): Character Education (Tahtheeb Al-Nafs): Tahtheeb Al-Nafs is integrated into the entire program. Students will learn about the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) starting with Ikhlas (good intentions), saying Bismillah, praising Allah and memorizing a list of Supplications each year (Please refer to the YMOH Supplication book).
Quran with Tajweed: Grade One students will learn to read Quranic text with the correct pronunciation of Tajweed (Makhaarij and sifaat), understand the meanings and applications of isti'adhah and basmalah and learn the following principles of reciting the Quran with the correct articulation, prolongation, merging, conversion, distinctness, and pauses taken from the rules of Tajweed, Al Qaidah Nooraniya: Lesson 1:  Arabic letters with Makharaj; Lesson 2: connecting letters with different sounds/articulation; Lessons 4 – 6: vowelled letters and tanween (noon Saakin and Tanween); Lessons 10 – 14:  letters of qalqalah, idhaar, tafkheem and tarqeeq, ikhfaa and shaddah (noon saakin and tanween); and sun and moon letters.
It is compulsory that Students memorize supplications from the YMOH Grade One Dua book and memorize Surah An-Nas to Surah Ad-Dhuha if students are 6 years and above.

Arabic Studies

The Grade One Arabic Logati curriculum introduces the Arabic alphabets spread out in several units and each unit is designed with a theme for beginners with real life situations. At the completion of the 28 alphabets, the author introduces Aesop’s Fables translated into Arabic appropriate to meet the level of the learners.
The program will cover spelling and vocabulary, grammar mechanics, reading, listening, speaking and writing.  The activities include: identifying the Arabic alphabets, saying the letters with the correct Makhrij , identifying each alphabet at the beginning, middle and the end of words, learning new vocabulary, and practicing writing the Arabic letters. The Grade One themes will include:  My Family, My School, My City, My Health and Diet, My Games and Hobbies, My Health and Safety, World of Animals (Aesop Stories) and Occasions (Eid).
Spelling and Vocabulary: Student will learn nouns, verbs, prepositions,  conjugation of verbs, dua  forms, “sun” and “moon” letters, future tense – using س, synonyms, antonyms, use of the past tense verb  كان, singular words, regular and irregular plural words, and colors.
Grammar: Students will learn the  short vowels using the diacritical marks  ــَ   ـــِ   ــُ   فتحة \ ضمة \ كسرة , application of long vowel sounds using Maad lettersا, و ,ي  , conjugation of verbs using pronouns  انا  \ هو \ هي   \ أنتَ  أنتِ (masculine and famine), demonstrative pronouns هَذا  \   هَذهِ, the sign Sukoon ـــْــ, to  Shadda     ٌ (doubling sounds), use of لا    of negation, Taa Marbouta   ـة \ة and the difference between ت \ ـة. 

Reading: The students will learn to recognize and read long and short sounds, break each word into syllables, read each syllable separately and then connect them to form words. They will read sentences in which words contain the targeted letters and Aesop stories in Arabic.
Students will be given access to the YMOH Reading Room to access Arabic reading books appropriate to their level.

Listening: Students will learn to recognize phonetic differences in Arabic letters discussed in separate chapters, apply the correct pronunciation (Makhrij) of letters and words with the use of long vowel sounds of ا, و and ي with the three natural extensions (با- بي –بو ).
Speaking: The books are richly illustrated with visuals that help students describe and communicate their thoughts and feelings. Class discussions will include using the vocabulary and conjugating verbs to encourage learners to express their thoughts on each theme.
Writing: Students will learn to write the Arabic alphabets with their distinct shapes and write them correctly in the beginning, middle and end of words. They will write letters in words using their correct sounds and diacritical marks harakat (fatha - kasra- dhamma- shadda, etc.).
Students will also practice writing simple sentences using the pronouns انا و نحن  (I and we), form interrogative /question sentences (ما),  identify verbal and nominal sentences,  use the definite article ال, and identify and write the answers to the reading comprehension activities from the text of the story.
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